The Four Major Perspectives on Motivation

The first of these is called extrinsic motivation. This is the source of action outside of ourselves. In this theory, a person can choose to perform an activity only if they are motivated by a positive experience or by a desire to do something. This is a type of intrinsic motivation, and the outcome depends on the level of autonomy. The greater the degree of autonomy, the more engaged a person is.

What are the four major perspectives on motivation

The second perspective is the achievement perspective, and this focuses on the need to achieve a goal. People are motivated by a need to perform an action or achieve a certain goal, but different goals are associated with these different types of motivation. For example, a student might be motivated by the desire to master the material, while another might be motivated by a need to avoid a poor mark. Both of these goals can be present at the same time.

The fourth perspective is relational. This one is the most popular and is based on the relationship between a person’s cognitions and actions. The relational perspective considers a person’s values as the primary source of motivation, and the value relationships that motivate people lead to actions. Therefore, in this perspective, the values are a primary entity. A person’s self-concept and their behavior create dissonance.

The relational perspective relies on the idea that values are the primary entity and that motivation is a particular way of looking at values. The goal-oriented view focuses on the relations between these values and actions. In the relational perspective, a person’s values are considered the primary cause of behavior. As such, the relational perspective emphasizes the fact that value-related behaviors and attitudes are motivated by relationships with other people.

The fourth perspective, known as instrumentalist, claims that people are motivated to fulfill their basic needs, i.e., food, shelter, safety, and love, and ultimately to achieve their higher-order needs. The fourth perspective, the egoist, suggests that human beings have multiple motives for their actions. The other is the evaluative perspective. In the former, the motivations are a function of the environment and the person.

The fourth perspective explains that motivation is a complex and multifaceted process that stems from individual and social factors. The three types of grouping students are cooperative learning and competitive learning. While the former involves students working together for a common goal, the latter involves them completing tasks individually. The competitive learning style, on the other hand, requires the students to work independently, and each student receives a separate final grade.

The acquired needs theory is the most popular of the four perspectives. It claims that an individual acquires three types of needs: power, affiliation, and achievement. These three types of needs can be expressed in terms of a desire to achieve or reach a goal. However, there is some confusion about which perspective to adopt. The acquired needs perspective argues that the motivation is a result of personal and environmental factors.

The instrumentalist perspective emphasizes that the motivational effect of a task is independent of the reward or the intention of the person performing it. The cognitivist perspective believes that the moral motivation of an individual is determined by what they want. It focuses on the need to achieve and the goal. The two perspectives are very different, and the first is more influential than the other. The fourth is the sentimentalist perspective. It focuses on the feelings that make the action happen, including the emotion of compassion.

Internalists are the second and fourth major perspectives on motivation. The internalists believe that their actions are motivated by a desire to obtain something. Hence, they think that the internalist perspective is the most appropriate one. It is the most important perspective to take. Moreover, the most important factor in the motivational equation is the value of the goal. Whether a person is motivated by their values or by their desires is up to them.

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