For students who are just now getting interested with the field of Pharmaceutical engineering, they may not yet have a clear idea on what ‘Pharmacology’ and’Pharmacokinetics’ are. They are usually introduced to these two subjects in their higher studies or their coursework. However, not all students are familiar with these concepts, which is why there are lots of questions and confusion in their minds. Both terms are one of the most mysterious branches of Chemical Engineering. So, before we explain in more detail what these two subjects are, let us first try to define them.
‘Pharmacology’ is the study of chemical agents and the interactions they have with the various cells in the human body. Basically, it deals with how these chemicals affect the structures of the cells. When it comes to drug discovery, the progress made is based on the efficacy of these medicines in affecting the target molecule. In other words, it is the quality of the drug that is important.
In fact, the progress in the field of science relies on the ability of a scientist to understand the functions of all the substances on the body. These functions are then translated by the scientist into a corresponding action in the body. This explains why the successful development of a medication is often dependent on its effectiveness in affecting its target molecule. So, you can say that pharmacology is basically concerned with the study of the effects of various chemical substances on the various organs of the body. A good example of such an organ is the liver.
When it comes to pharmacology and pharmacokinetics, there are two major categories that need to be highlighted. These are primary and secondary pharmacology. The primary pharmacology focuses on the actions of a compound on the primary receptors. On the other hand, the secondary pharmacology deals with the actions of a compound on the secondary receptors. When it comes to the development of new drugs, the concepts of both types of pharmacology need to be thoroughly understood. This will help in the efficient development of effective medicines.
When it comes to pharmacology, one of the most important principles that must be understood is that the levels of concentrations of active ingredients that can affect the action of a drug are important. This means that there are different levels of potency and effectiveness. What this means is that different drugs that act in very similar ways should be manufactured using similar amounts of chemicals. This also means that the efficiency of drug manufacture will be higher if it is well understood.
At the same time, it is also very important to understand the differences between specific drug substances. When this is done, it becomes easier for researchers to design drugs that can overcome problems that have been arising. By doing so, a greater number of health problems can be solved.
When it comes to pharmacology and pharmacokinetics, another key concept is that of the dose-to-effectiveness relationship. This means that when a drug is used, the drug concentration should be in the range that is effective. In addition, it is important for the drug concentration to be constant throughout the manufacturing process. The concept of steady-state drug concentration is based on the idea that the exact amount of any given drug substance will not change its effectiveness. In other words, no matter how many times a drug is made, it should maintain the same level of effectiveness throughout the production process. However, when the concentration of a drug increases, it becomes difficult for the compound to maintain the steady level of concentration.
Lastly, it is also important to understand the interaction between the various substances. This will help in the development of new medications and finding ways to remedy past failures. When it comes to pharmacology and pharmacokinetics, a strong understanding of the subject is important for researchers and doctors. It is through this that they can come up with solutions when it comes to the generation of new medicines and treatments.