What are the six domains of healthcare quality? It is an acronym for quality, execution, knowledge, and an integrated approach. These are the fundamental elements required in all medical endeavors. All these factors come together in a systematic manner to give the best possible treatment. When we talk about quality we refer to the patient’s overall health condition; execution refers to how the services are delivered, and knowledge takes care of issues like quality assessments and updating current knowledge.
As a professional healthcare specialist who is interested in the six domains of healthcare quality, you will naturally want to understand every aspect of this important subject. The first and foremost domina is quality improvement. This is where your skills as a specialist will be put to test. You will need to make sure that you implement strategies that deal with the improvement of healthcare quality. Once you have improved healthcare facilities and services, then you can take up issues like quality audits and legal action when necessary.
A second domain deals with the supply chain management. What this entails is making sure that resources are properly allocated so that there is no wastage or redundancy. Another important aspect deals with the documentation and records of medical services. The staff members in medical facilities need to be well versed with the system because record keeping is very crucial. There should be regular audit of the documentation as well as updating of the same.
Quality management involves the monitoring of all medical records, treatment methods, medicines and equipment, etc. and then taking corrective actions if needed. It is also concerned with maintaining and developing policies that will ensure high standards of service delivery to the patients. There are hospitals that have created their own quality policy which includes staffing and hiring quality trained staff members.
Healthcare quality would not work properly without the support of the medical staff. This is because they are the ones who are charged with taking care of the patients. There are hospitals that have quality guidelines for their staff members. They set out rules and regulations for them to follow. Hospitals have to have updated protocols for the treatment of patients, staff should be trained accordingly and they should be licensed according to healthcare organizations.
In this era of information and technology, it is impossible for the healthcare providers to perform the quality control activities. They have to be computer savvy and they should be aware of updates in the software. They would need to know how to retrieve data and to collate information and distribute them among the different departments. Today’s hospitals have IT systems where the data is stored and organized. With the implementation of digital medical records, it would be easy for the physicians and other staff members to access the needed information immediately.
Healthcare quality is also linked to patient safety. Hospitals are concerned with the welfare of the patients. There should be measures to address malpractice issues, unsafe practices in the hospital and even safety measures in the surgical rooms. The staffs should work in harmony with the doctors, surgeons and other staff members.
If a hospital was able to observe and record the vital signs of a patient accurately and in a systematic way, it would have created a good track record. In the electronic health records or EHR, a record of the vital signs of a patient can be easily maintained. This can help in keeping the medical records updated and for reference purposes. Ultimately, the goal is to create healthcare quality that would be able to reduce the burden on the healthcare system and would improve the productivity and quality of care provided.